Six places to commemorate Nelson Mandela’s 100th birthday – LUANNE LAVERY reports
As the world prepares to mark the 100th anniversary of the birth of Nelson Mandela, the fascinating and inspiring life of this icon of democracy might just fire up your wanderlust.
Mandela’s trajectory to greatness included working as a cowherd and a mine security-guard, becoming a global icon for liberty when he was imprisoned for 27 years, then South Africa’s first democratically elected president for five years. Before his death at the age of 95 in 2013, he had become a titan of reconciliation, for which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.
Here are six places to commemorate Nelson Mandela’s 100th birthday – destinations that marked important points in his life:
Qunu (pictured left): Although Mandela was born in the hamlet of Mvezo, near Mthatha, he grew up in Qunu, where he tended his family’s cattle. As a child he enjoyed sliding down a steep, smooth rock, which visitors can do as well. The Nelson Mandela Museum in Qunu is fairly small, but well worth the visit. See www.nelsonmandelamuseum.org.za/
Mandela House, Orlando West, Soweto: Visiting the modest house at the corner of Vilikazi and Ngakane streets can be a bittersweet one. Mandela was enormously proud that he finally owned a home, but spent very little time there as he was on the run from the apartheid police and engaged in the liberation struggle. Soweto itself is a fascinating experience for first-time and repeated visits, with the nearby Hector Petersen memorial and the Regina Mundi Church, which famously sheltered apartheid activists. We recommend pairing your visit to the house with activities like bungee-jumping from the twin cooling-towers of the Orlando power station, and a guided walking- or cycling-tour. See www.mandelahouse.com/
Liliesleaf Farm, Rivonia (pictured right): In the heart of what is now one of Jo’burg’s most prosperous suburbs, this leafy enclave provided a safe house for the leadership of the ANC’s armed wing. Mandela hid in plain sight, posing as a gardener and caretaker under the alias David Motsamayi. The facility has a vast and important archive and display of artefacts, as well as education materials. The on-site restaurant is named Cecil’s, which was the codename for the farm used by the ANC leadership. See www.liliesleaf.co.za/
Capture Site: A stretch of rural road near Howick in the picturesque KwaZulu-Natal midlands took on historical significance when it was the site of Mandela’s arrest by police, as he posed as a chauffeur on his way to report back on ANC activities. The monument consists of 50 steel columns, nearly 10m high, which look haphazard until viewed from a specific angle to form a portrait of Mandela. Nearby is the popular Midlands Meander, with a wealth of outlets and studios providing everything from pottery to craft beer, chocolate and charcuterie. See www.thecapturesite.co.za/
Robben Island (pictured left): Arguably the most iconic and hallowed site of all, the stark little island in Table Bay is where Mandela spent 18 of his 27 years in prison. In that time, he was allowed one half-hour visit a year and could write and receive one letter every six months. Anyone still unconvinced of the extent of Mandela’s sacrifice and his capacity for magnanimity should spend a few minutes in the four-square-metre cell 5 on Cell Block B, and the limestone quarry where Mandela and other political prisoners toiled each day. See www.robben-island.org.za/
Union Buildings: One of the centres of South Africa’s government and the site of Mandela’s inauguration as South Africa’s first democratically elected president on 10 May 1994, the complex, designed by Sir Herbert Baker, was completed in 1913. Its curved amphitheatre and domed towers are synonymous with politics and government. A nine-metre bronze statue of Mandela was unveiled at the buildings the day after his funeral in 2013. See www.thepresidency.gov.za/content/union-buildings